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Equality and Diversity - Human Rights
Human Rights

Human rights

What are human rights?   

Respect for the human rights of an individual or group is fundamental to ensuring their quality of life.


The economic, social and cultural rights, including the rights to fair employment conditions and health care without discrimination, are relevant to the NHS as both an employer and service provider. There are basic Human Rights Principles (The FREDA Principles); Fairness, Respect, Equality, Dignity and Autonomy. These principles are a fundamental to the NHS.

Legal framework

A number of pieces of legislation that provide protection from discrimination, victimisation and harassment for employment and the delivery of goods, services and facilities.

UK - Human Rights Act – 1998

List of articles

  • Article 2 – Right to Life

  • Article 3 – Prohibition of torture and inhuman, degrading treatment

  • Article 4 – Prohibition of slavery and forced labour

  • Article 5 – Right to liberty and security

  • Article 6 – Right to a fair trial

  • Article 7 – No punishment without law

  • Article 8 – Right to respect for private and family life

  • Article 9 – Freedom of thought, conscience and religion

  • Article 10 – Freedom of expression

  • Article 11 – Freedom of assembly and association

  • Article 12 – Right to marry

  • Article 14 - Prohibition of discrimination

  • Protocol 1 – Protection of property

  • Protocol 2 - Right to Education


Useful links to other websites